Table 1: Details of Electrical and Electronic Equipment placed on the market in previous years - Code wise Sr. No. Electrical and Electronic Equipment Item Electrical and Electronic Equipment Code Quantity, number and weight placed on market (year-wise) A Information technology and telecommunication equipment:
1 Centralised data processing: Mainframes, Minicomputers ITEW1 2 Personal Computing: Personal Computers (Central Processing Unit with input and output devices) ITEW2
3 Personal Computing: Laptop Computers(Central Processing Unit with input and ITEW3 26 output devices)
4 Personal Computing: Notebook Computers ITEW4
5 Personal Computing: Notepad Computers ITEW5
6 Printers including cartridges ITEW6
7 Copying equipment ITEW7
8 Electrical and electronic typewriters ITEW8
9 User terminals and systems ITEW9
10 Facsimile ITEW10 11 Telex ITEW
11 12 Telephones ITEW12
13 Pay telephones ITEW13
14 Cordless telephones ITEW14
15 Cellular telephones ITEW15
16 Answering systems ITEW16
B Consumer electrical and electronics:
17 Television sets (including sets based on (Liquid Crystal Display and Light Emitting Diode technology) CEEW1
18 Refrigerator CEEW2 19 Washing Machine CEEW3 20 Air-conditioners excluding centralised air conditioning plants CEEW4
21 Fluorescent and other Mercury containing lamps
Considering the “phenomenal” growth of e-waste in the country, the Centre today notified the revised e-waste management rules 2016 under which improper management of such refuse leading to environment damage will invite financial penalty.
While CFL and other mercury lamps have been brought within the ambit of the e-waste management rules 2016, a “Deposit Refund Scheme” has been introduced under which the producer of any computer, mobile phone or other electronic product will have to persuade consumers to return the products after usage for a small sum.
The 2016 rules are in supersession of the e-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011.
“The government has revised the e-waste management rules. E-waste is growing at a phenomenal rate. Today, every year more than 17 lakh tonnes of such waste is generated. It is growing at a five per cent rate every year and is set to grow further. Also, dismantling of e-waste is done in an unorganised way,” Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters here.
“People are after precious metals like gold and silver. They take it out of the product and burn it which is why toxic gases are generated. They then throw the waste in water or to leeches.
“The workers who are involved in this task suffer from neurological disorders, skin diseases and cancer. Therefore, we have decided to revamp the rules and adopt the best modern practices,” he said.
The Union Minister said 100 crore mobiles are used every year in the country, out of which 25 crore become e-wastes.
Javadekar said the norms have been made more stringent and the revamp reflects the government’s commitment to environmental governance.
He said for the first time, the producers will be brought under Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and made responsible for collection of e-waste and its exchange.
“The bulk consumers must collect the items and hand them over to authorised recyclers. Various producers can have a separate Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) and ensure collection of e-waste as well as its disposal in an environmentally sound manner.
“There is a liability clause with financial penalties, where environmental degradation is happening and things are not being done scientifically,” Javadekar said.